BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
ĐỀ MINH HỌA
(Đề thi có 05 trang)
KỲ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017
Môn: TIẾNG ANH
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. wanted B. stopped C. decided D. hated
Question 2: A. century B. culture C. secure D. applicant
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: A. offer B. canoe C. country D. standard
Question 4: A. pollution B. computer C. currency D. allowance
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 8: I haven‘t met him again since we ______ school ten years ago.
A. have left B. leave C. left D. had left
Question 9: A recent survey has shown that ______ increasing number of men are willing to share the housework with their wives.
A. a B. an C. the D. some
Question 10: The more demanding the job is, ______ I like it.
A. more B. most C. the more D. the most
Question 11: John wanted to know ______ in my family.
A. there were how many people B. how many people were there
C. were there how many people D. how many people there were
Question 12: Richard, my neighbor, _______ in World War II.
A. says to fight B. says to have fought C. is said to fight D. is said to have fought
Question 13: Students are ______ less pressure as a result of changes in testing procedures.
A. under B. above C. upon D. out of
Question 14: Tom is getting ever keener on doing research on ______.
A. biology B. biological C. biologist D. biologically
Question 15: Many people and organizations have been making every possible effort in order to save ______ species.
A. endangered B. dangerous C. fearful D. threatening
Question 16: A number of young teachers nowadays ______ themselves to teaching disadvantaged children.
A. offer B. stick C. give D. devote
Question 17: Whistling or clapping hands to get someone‘s attention is considered ______ and even rude in some circumstances.
A. suitable B. unnecessary C. appropriate D. impolite
Question 18: ―Sorry for being late. I was ______ in the traffic for more than an hour.‖
A. carried on B. held up C. put off D. taken after
Question 19: She was tired and couldn‘t keep ______ the group.
A. up with B. up against C. on to D. out of
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 20: Two friends Diana and Anne are talking about Anne‘s new blouse.
- Diana: ―That blouse suits you perfectly, Anne.‖
- Anne: ―______‖
A. Never mind. B. Don‘t mention it. C. Thank you. D. You‘re welcome.
Question 21: Mary is talking to a porter in the hotel lobby.
- Porter: ―Shall I help you with your suitcase?‖
- Mary: ―______‖
A. Not a chance. B. That‘s very kind of you.
C. I can‘t agree more. D. What a pity!
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 22: Students are expected to always adhere to school regulations.
A. question B. violate C. disregard D. follow
Question 23: A number of programs have been initiated to provide food and shelter for the underprivileged in the remote areas of the country.
A. rich citizens B. active members C. poor inhabitants D. enthusiastic people
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 24: Drivers are advised to get enough petrol because filling stations are few and far between on the highway.
A. easy to find B. difficult to access C. unlikely to happen D. impossible to reach
Question 25: We managed to get to school in time despite the heavy rain.
A. earlier than a particular moment B. later than expected
C. early enough to do something D. as long as expected
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26: I‘m sure Luisa was very disappointed when she failed the exam.
A. Luisa must be very disappointed when she failed the exam.
B. Luisa must have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.
C. Luisa may be very disappointed when she failed the exam.
D. Luisa could have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.
Question 27: ―You had better see a doctor if the sore throat does not clear up,‖ she said to me.
A. She reminded me of seeing a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
B. She ordered me to see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
C. She insisted that I see a doctor unless the sore throat did not clear up.
D. She suggested that I see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
Question 28: Without her teacher‘s advice, she would never have written such a good essay.
A. Her teacher advised him and she didn‘t write a good essay.
B. Her teacher didn‘t advise her and she didn‘t write a good essay.
C. She wrote a good essay as her teacher gave her some advice.
D. If her teacher didn‘t advise her, she wouldn‘t write such a good essay.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29: She tried very hard to pass the driving test. She could hardly pass it.
A. Although she didn‘t try hard to pass the driving test, she could pass it.
B. Despite being able to pass the driving test, she didn‘t pass it.
C. No matter how hard she tried, she could hardly pass the driving test.
D. She tried very hard, so she passed the driving test satisfactorily.
Question 30: We didn‘t want to spend a lot of money. We stayed in a cheap hotel.
A. Rather than spending a lot of money, we stayed in a cheap hotel.
B. In spite of spending a lot of money, we stayed in a cheap hotel.
C. We stayed in a cheap hotel, but we had to spend a lot of money.
D. We didn‘t stay in a cheap hotel as we had a lot of money to spend.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
WAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR MEMORY
A good memory is often seen as something that comes naturally, and a bad memory as something that cannot be changed, but actually (31)______ is a lot that you can do to improve your memory.
We all remember the things we are interested in and forget the ones that bore us. This no doubt explains the reason (32)______ schoolboys remember football results effortlessly but struggle with dates from their history lessons! Take an active interest in what you want to remember, and focus on it (33)______. One way to ̳make‘ yourself more interested is to ask questions — the more the better!
Physical exercise is also important for your memory, because it increases your heart (34)______ and sends more oxygen to your brain, and that makes your memory work better. Exercise also reduces stress, which is very bad for the memory.
The old saying that ―eating fish makes you brainy‖ may be true after all. Scientists have discovered that the fats (35)______ in fish like tuna, sardines and salmon — as well as in olive oil — help to improve the memory.
Vitamin-rich fruits such as oranges, strawberries and red grapes are all good ̳brain food‘, too.
(Source: ―New Cutting Edge‖, Cunningham, S. & Moor. 2010. Harlow: Longman)
Question 31: A. there B. it C. that D. this
Question 32: A. why B. what C. how D. which
Question 33: A. hardly B. slightly C. consciously D. easily
Question 34: A. degree B. level C. rate D. grade
Question 35: A. made B. existed C. founded D. found
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
It used to be that people would drink coffee or tea in the morning to pick them up and get them going for the day. Then cola drinks hit the market. With lots of caffeine and sugar, these beverages soon became the pick-me-up of choice for many adults and teenagers. Now drink companies are putting out so-called "energy drinks." These beverages have the specific aim of giving tired consumers more energy.
One example of a popular energy drink is Red Bull. The company that puts out this beverage has stated in interviews that Red Bull is not a thirst quencher. Nor is it meant to be a fluid replacement drink for athletes.
Instead, the beverage is meant to revitalize a tired consumer's body and mind. In order to do this, the makers of Red Bull, and other energy drinks, typically add vitamins and certain chemicals to their beverages. The added chemicals are like chemicals that the body naturally produces for energy. The vitamins, chemicals, caffeine, and sugar found in these beverages all seem like a sure bet to give a person energy.
Health professionals are not so sure, though. For one thing, there is not enough evidence to show that all of the vitamins added to energy drinks actually raise a person's energy level. Another problem is that there are so many things in the beverages. Nobody knows for sure how all of the ingredients in energy drinks work together.
Dr. Brent Bauer, one of the directors at the Mayo Clinic in the US, cautions people about believing all the claims energy drinks make. He says, ―It is plausible if you put all these things together, you will get a good result.‖ However, Dr. Bauer adds the mix of ingredients could also have a negative impact on the body. ―We just don't know at this point,‖ he says.
(Source: ―Reading Challenge 2‖, Casey Malarcher & Andrea Janzen, Compass Publishing)
Question 36: The beverages mentioned in the first paragraph aim to give consumers ______.
A. caffeine B. sugar C. more energy D. more choices
Question 37: The word “it” in the second paragraph refers to ______.
A. one example B. the company C. Red Bull C. thirst quencher
Question 38: According to the passage, what makes it difficult for researchers to know if an energy drink gives people energy?
A. Natural chemicals in a person‘s body B. The average age of the consumer
C. The number of beverage makers D. The mixture of various ingredients
Question 39: The word ―plausible‖ in the passage is closest in meaning to _______.
A. impossible B. reasonable C. typical D. unlikely
Question 40: What has Dr. Bauer probably researched?
A. Countries where Red Bull is popular B. Energy drinks for teenage athletes
C. Habits of healthy and unhealthy adults D. Vitamins and chemicals in the body
Question 41: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Bauer does not seem to believe the claims of energy drink makers.
B. Colas have been on the market longer than energy drinks.
C. It has been scientifically proved that energy drinks work.
D. The makers of Red Bull say that it can revitalize a person.
Question 42: What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Caffeine is bad for people to drink. B. It is uncertain whether energy drinks are healthy.
C. Red Bull is the best energy drink. D. Teenagers should not choose energy drinks.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.
What is ̳extreme‘ weather? Why are people talking about it these days? ̳Extreme‘ weather is an unusual weather event such as rainfall, a drought or a heat wave in the wrong place or at the wrong time. In theory, they are very rare. But these days, our TV screens are constantly showing such extreme weather events. Take just three news stories from 2010: 28 centimetres of rain fell on Rio de Janeiro in 24 hours, Nashville, USA, had 33 centimetres of rain in two days and there was record rainfall in Pakistan.
The effects of this kind of rainfall are dramatic and lethal. In Rio de Janeiro, landslides followed, burying hundreds of people. In Pakistan, the floods affected 20 million people. Meanwhile, other parts of the world suffer devastating droughts. Australia, Russia and East Africa have been hit in the last ten years. And then there are unexpected heat waves, such as in 2003 in Europe. That summer, 35,000 deaths were said to be heat-related.
So, what is happening to our weather? Are these extreme events part of a natural cycle? Or are they caused by human activity and its effects on the Earth‘s climate? Peter Miller says it‘s probably a mixture of both of these things. On the one hand, the most important influences on weather events are natural cycles in the climate. Two of the most famous weather cycles, El Ninõ and La Ninã, originate in the Pacific Ocean. The heat from the warm ocean rises high into the atmosphere and affects weather all around the world. On the other hand, the temperature of the Earth‘s oceans is slowly but steadily going up. And this is a result of human activity. We are producing greenhouse gases that trap heat in the Earth‘s atmosphere. This heat warms up the atmosphere, land and oceans. Warmer oceans produce more water vapour – think of heating a pan of water in your kitchen. Turn up the heat, it produces steam more quickly. Satellite data tells us that the water vapour in the atmosphere has gone up by four percent in 25 years. This warm, wet air turns into the rain, storms, hurricanes and typhoons that we are increasingly experiencing. Climate scientist, Michael Oppenheimer, says that we need to face the reality of climate change. And we also need to act now to save lives and money in the future.
(Source: © 2015 National Geographic Learning.www.ngllife.com/wild-weather)
Question 43: It is stated in the passage that extreme weather is ______.
A. becoming more common B. not a natural occurrence
C. difficult for scientists to understand D. killing more people than ever before
Question 44: The word ―lethal‖ in the second paragraph probably means ______.
A. far-reaching B. long-lasting C. happening soon D. causing deaths
Question 45: What caused thousands of deaths in 2003?
A. a period of hot weather B. floods after a bad summer
C. a long spell of heavy rain D. large-scale landslides
Question 46: According to the passage, extreme weather is a problem because ______.
A. we can never predict it B. it only affects crowded places
C. it‘s often very destructive D. its causes are completely unknown
Question 47: The word ―that‖ in the third paragraph refers to ______.
A. Earth‘s oceans B. human activity C. greenhouse gases D. Earth‘s atmosphere
Question 48: Extreme weather can be caused by ______.
A. satellites above the Earth B. water vapour in the atmosphere
C. very hot summers D. water pans in your kitchen
Question 49: Satellites are used to ______.
A. change the direction of severe storms
B. trap greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
C. measure changes in atmospheric water vapour
D. prevent climate from changing quickly
Question 50: Which statement is NOT supported by the information in the passage?
A. Extreme weather is substantially influenced by human activity.
B. Unusual weather events are part of natural cycles.
C. We can limit the bad effects of extreme weather.
D. Such extreme weather is hardly the consequence of human activity.
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